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CodeIgniter – Extending the native ‘Model’ and make it your own.

October 3, 2011 Leave a comment

Hi All,

Today I took advantage of CodeIgniter’s ability to extend the native libraries, and I was well satisfied that it just works.

Codeigniter Development India

Let me elaborate, I’m in the process of creating models for my CI project, and realized that certain functions within the models were getting repetitive. Using CI’s ability to create my own custom libraries, I was able to create my own custom ‘Model’ which extends from the core ‘Model’ object. How this simple architecture has cleaned up my code is simply remarkable.

So read on…

CI has some pretty great documentation to get a beginner CI coder up to speed. In the case of using models, the docs says you need to extend from the CI’s core ‘Model’ object.Typically the code will be something like this:

—–

class Model_name extends Model {
	function Model_name() {
		parent::Model();
	}
}
-----
Given that Models are generally library functions to your database, certain 
functions like create,  read, update and delete would be common across all models.
 In which case the code will probably  start to look like this:
------
class Model_name extends Model {

	function Model_name() {
		parent::Model();
	}

	function create() {
		//do insert data into database
	}

	function read() {
		//do get data into database
	}

	function update() {
		//do update data into database
	}

	function delete() {
		//do delete data from database
	}
}
------

Imagine having to repeatedly write (opps, cut-and-paste) that same 4 (or more) functions to every model you create. A better way would be to consolidate those functions into a parent Model, and your models inherit from the parent their ability to create, read, update and delete.

One way you can do this is to just edit and insert these functions into CI’s native Model code which you can find in system/libraries/Model.php. But when it comes to upgrading the core when a new version is released, you may end up overriding those changes you need.

A much better way is to create your own model object called MY_Model and inherit it’s capabilities from the core Model. (Do note that ‘MY_’ is the default prefix set in CI for extending native libraries, but the prefix can be changed. Read the docs.)

This is how you do it, you create a new php file, MY_Model.php in the applications/libraries/folder. The code for MY_Model would look something like this:

——–

class MY_Model extends Model {

	function MY_Model() {
		parent::Model();
	}
	function create() {
		//do insert data into database
	}

	function read() {
		//do get data into database
	}

	function update() {
		//do update data into database
	}

	function delete() {
		//do delete data from database
	}
}
--------
Now, within your models at applications/models folder, you would do something like this:
class Model_name extends MY_Model {
	function Model_name() {
		parent::MY_Model();
	}
}

And within your controllers at applications/controllers folder, you would be able to access 
the common functions of create, read, update and delete as you would normally.
------
class Blogs extends Controller {
	function view() {
		$this->Model_name->read();
	}
}
------

And that’s it. I know it’s very skeletal, but it should give you some ideas on how to proceed to extend the native core libraries CI comes with. Of course, this method doesn’t just apply to ‘Model’, you can extend any of the CI core objects. The CI docs have a good intro to extending the native library.

Also, I would like to give a nod to Emram at PHPFour for his Extended Model for CodeIgniter which basically incorporates CakePHP-like model capabilities into the CI Model.

Do bear in mind his method is to replace the system/libraries/Model.php file which is not recommended, for reasons I mentioned before. However, you should be able to incorporate his work by extending from the native library.

Contact:

bhavinran07[@]gmail.com

Categories: CakePHP, CakePHP Developer India, freelance developer, Freelance PHP Developer, Freelance PHP Programmer, Freelance Programmer India, Hire Dedicated Programmer, Hire Dedicated Programmer India, Hire PHP Developer India, Hire PHP Professional, Hire PHP Professional India, Hire PHP Programmer India, iphone developer, JavaScript, joomla, joomla customization india, Joomla Developer, joomla developer india, joomla freelancer india, jquery, mysql, open sources developer india, oscommerce Customization, oscommerce developer, php, PHP Development, PHP Freelance, PHP Freelancer, PHP Freelancer India, php freelancing india, php freelancing india mumbai, Php programming, web designer, web designer india, Web Developement Company USA, web developer, web developer ahemdabad india, web developer india, Web development India, Wordpress Developer India, wordpress freelance developer, wordpress freelance programmer, wordpress freelancer, Wordpress Freelancer India, Wordpress Programmer, Wordpress Shopping Cart, Wordpress theme customization, wordpress theme integration, x cart development india Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Google new chart API

September 28, 2011 Leave a comment

Hi All,

 

A new API from Google that generates information charts in a dynamic way. its usage is quite straightforward: you link to an image in the form of a parameterized URL, such as http://chart.apis.google.com/chart?cht=p3&chd=t:90,49&chs=400×200&chl=data|bling.

“cht=p3? is the chart type, in this case, a pie chart.

 

“chd=t:90,49? are the chart values, text-encoded, and separated by a comma.

“chs=400×200? is the custom chart size, 400 by 200 pixels.

“chl=Data|Bling” are the different labels for the pie chart sections, separated via the pipe character.

chart types include: line charts, bar charts, pie charts, Venn diagrams & scatterplots.

View Demo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Categories: Androide developer, CakePHP, CakePHP Developer India, freelance developer, Freelance PHP Developer, Freelance Programmer India, freelance web designer, Hire Dedicated Programmer, Hire Dedicated Programmer India, Hire PHP Developer India, Hire PHP Professional, Hire PHP Professional India, Hire PHP Programmer India, Hire Web developer, iphone application developer, iphone developer, iphone website designer, JavaScript, jquery, mysql, php, PHP Developer, PHP Developer India, PHP Development, PHP Freelance, PHP Freelancer, PHP Freelancer India, php freelancing india, php freelancing india mumbai, PHP programmer, PHP Programmer India, Php programming, tips & trics, url rewriting, web design india, web designer, web designer india, Web Developement Company USA, web developer ahemdabad india, web developer india, Web development India, Word Press Reserch, wordpress, Wordpress Blog Developer, Wordpress Customization Services, Wordpress Developer, Wordpress Developer India, wordpress freelance developer, wordpress freelance programmer, wordpress freelancer, Wordpress Freelancer India, Wordpress Programmer, Wordpress Shopping Cart, Wordpress theme customization, wordpress theme integration, x cart development india, x-cart Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

PHP Development India – Best Language for Web Development

September 28, 2011 1 comment

Hi All,

In today’s advanced technological world, the popularity of the internet has been increasing and we see millions of websites running on the internet to fulfill the requirement of user and the figure keeps increasing each day. Therefore, the merchants are getting cut-throat competition on the internet. Strong representation of a website is thus necessary for its online success. Hence, merchants have been diverted to web development industry to build the strong online presence.

There are many options available for web development like php, asp.net, java, wordpress, etc., from them php becomes a first choice for company websites. Because PHP is an open source server side scripting language, which allows effective web development at affordable rates. PHP support multiple platforms and databases such as Linux kernel, MS Windows, MySQL, MS Access, SQL server & Oracle. It also offers an array of other features which can be used to make a website flexible and user-friendly.

Benefits of PHP Development:

  • Create a dynamic website that has a professional look
  • Its support various OS (operating system) like Windows, Linux and Unix
  • The coding is easily understandable
  • Web development at very affordable rates
  • Increase your ROI (Return of Investment)

Many countries provide php development services, from them India has taken first place in this field because Indian php developers offer excellent designing and development services and take new challenges with open arms and most important thing, you get your application at one-quarter of cost at your current rate.

 

 

Submit Form Using Ajax (Post)

September 24, 2011 1 comment

Post.html

<script type="text/javascript" language="javascript">// <![CDATA[
var h_request = false;
function makePOSTRequest(url, parameters) {
h_request = false;

<!--more-->

if (window.XMLHttpRequest) //MOZILLA
{
h_request = new XMLHttpRequest();
if (h_request.overrideMimeType)
{
h_request.overrideMimeType('text/html');
}
}
else if (window.ActiveXObject) { // IE
try {
h_request = new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP");
} catch (e) {
try {
h_request = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
} catch (e) {}
}
}
if (!h_request) {
alert('Cannot create XMLHTTP instance');
return false;
}

h_request.onreadystatechange = alertContents;
h_request.open('POST', url, true);
h_request.setRequestHeader("Content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
h_request.setRequestHeader("Content-length", parameters.length);
h_request.setRequestHeader("Connection", "close");
h_request.send(parameters);
}

function alertContents() {
if (h_request.readyState == 4) {
if (h_request.status == 200) {
result = h_request.responseText;
document.getElementById('myspan').innerHTML = result;
} else {
alert('There was a problem with the request.');
}
}
}

function get(obj) {
var poststr = "mytextarea1=" + encodeURI( document.getElementById("mytextarea1").value ) +
"&mytextarea2=" + encodeURI( document.getElementById("mytextarea2").value );
makePOSTRequest('post.php', poststr);
}

// ]]></script>

<form action="javascript:get(document.getElementById('form1'));" name="form1" id="form1">
<textarea id="mytextarea1">testing data
1
2
3
</textarea>
<textarea id="mytextarea2">testing data 2
4
5
6</textarea>
<br>
<input type="button" name="button" value="Submit"
onclick="javascript:get(this.parentNode);">

</form>

<br><br>
Server-Response:<br>
<hr>
<span name="myspan" id="myspan"></span>
<hr>

Post.php

<?
print_r($_POST);
?>
Categories: ajax, Androide developer, CakePHP, CakePHP Developer India, freelance developer, Freelance PHP Developer, Freelance PHP Programmer, Freelance Programmer India, freelance web, freelance web designer, Freelance web developer, get a freelancer, Hire Dedicated Programmer, Hire Dedicated Programmer India, Hire PHP Developer India, Hire PHP Professional, Hire PHP Professional India, Hire PHP Programmer India, Hire Web developer, Hire Web Developer India, india web development, Indian Freelancer, iOS, ipad, iphone developer, JavaScript, joomla, joomla developer india, jquery, mysql, oscommerce Customization, oscommerce developer, php, PHP Freelancer, PHP Freelancer India, php freelancing india, php freelancing india mumbai, PHP programmer, PHP Programmer India, Php programming, PHP Web Development, php web programmer, web designer india, Web Developement Company USA, web developer, web developer ahemdabad india, web developer india, Web development India, Word Press Reserch, wordpress, Wordpress Blog Developer, Wordpress Customization Services, wordpress freelance developer, wordpress freelance programmer, wordpress freelancer, Wordpress Freelancer India, Wordpress Programmer, Wordpress Shopping Cart, Wordpress theme customization, wordpress theme integration, x cart development india Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Optimizing PHP Through Habits

September 23, 2011 Leave a comment

What has been a long interest of mine in writing simple, maintainable and secure (a.k.a. Good[tm]) code, has forked off the offspring of optimization.

There are nummerous discussions in the blogosphere about whether to use echo versus print, iffor() is faster than while(), etc. and though the gains are usually very small, I desided to add my thoughts to the debate.

I found an article on optimization through coding habits in Ilia Alshanetsky’s zend performance slides and decided to test some of the claims. My test machine is my MacBook Pro 1.83GHz w. 2GB RAM, MacOS X 10.4.9, Apache 1.3 and PHP 5.2 (with Xdebug 2.0). I also have lots of applications running.

  • Peter Bowyer claims that require_once() is 3-4 times slower than require(). Ilia also says they are bad. My testing reveals the exact opposite with an empty include file. Callingrequire_once() 10000 times in a for() loop with an empty file is 4x faster.
  • Ilia advises against using magic functions like __autoload() and __get(), but the advantage of __autoload() in particular is obvious in any large project and is used by many phpframeworks. My primitive testing, however, shows inverse results. With a simply autoload requiring a class and 10000 loops of new Foo() versus require_once('foo.php'); new Foo() shows that __autoload() is ~3.7 times faster. I saw no difference between real methods and __get(), although the logic inside __get() will add some overhead.
  • If a class method can be static, declare it static. Speed improvement is by a factor of 4. I get a 50% speed increase (614ms vs. 414ms with 100000 iterations).
  • Avoid function calls within for() loop control blocks. In for( $i=0; $i<count($x); $i++ )the count($x) is called at every iteration.
  • Always, always quote array keys. $row['id'] is way faster than $row[id]. Ilia says 700%, I say about 200%.
  • Avoid regex if possible. Use ctype_digit($foo); rather than preg_match("![0-9]+!", $foo);.
  • Get rid of ‘harmless’ error messages – they take time to generate and output. The error supression operator @ is slow, so avoid when possible. With error_reporting set to E_ALL | E_STRICT on my machine, doing echo $rows[id] 10000 times instead of echo $rows['id]takes 38 times longer.

     

    UPDATE: To summarize, this slow code runs in 500ms (although this time will vary a great deal depending on your error_reporting level):

     

     

     

     

    $rows = array_fill(0, 10000, array('id'=>0));
    require_once('foo.php');
    for( $i=0; $i < count($rows); $i++) {
        foo::notdeclaredstatic();
    
        $rows[$i][id] = 0;
    }
    
    
    
    
    By using the techniques above, it can be made to complete in 68ms:
    
    $rows = array_fill(0, 10000, array('id'=>0));
    function __autoload($classname) { require_once( 'foo.php'); }
    $size = count($rows);
    for( $i=0; $i < $size; $i++) {
        foo::declaredstatic();
    
        $rows[$i]['id'] = 0;
    }
    
    
    10000 iterations is a lot for one request to a page. Using the techniques, the code became roughly 7 times faster.
    
    I am not out to prove Ilia wrong - he knows PHP better than most - and 
    for all I know, they could have optimized those very functions in PHP 5.2. I am, however, 
    interested in seeing what can be done to optimize PHP performance simply by doing things differently,
    by tweaking one's coding style. It would appear that there are improvements, albeit small, to achieve 
    from minimal effort. Plus I was surprised by the discrepancies I found compared to Ilia's recommendations.
    
    

     

Timezones in MySQL and PHP

September 22, 2011 Leave a comment

Timezones in web applications are often dealt with the same way as character sets. Either incorrectly or ignored. The case of unicode is improving slowly as developers discover the need for international language support.
The problem with not handling timezones correctly is not apparent in the usual case of the webserver and the database server being in the same timezone. A lot of PHP code passes the task of timestamps on to MySQL, e.g. by calling NOW() on inserting or updating records. It is nessesary to know in what timezone the timestamps are stored to process them correctly.

Often a specific timezone is assumed for displaying date and time. This could very well be incorrect for a large number of visitors. If the database server is in yet another timezone, things begin to get out of sync.

MySQL’s handling of timezones is – obviously – separate from that of PHP. Along with the fact that the MySQL timezone can only be changed by users with SUPER privileges, this means that MySQL cannot be relied on for creation of timestamps in correct timezone. In other words, the usual call toNOW() is not an option.

PHP 5.1 introduced the date_default_timezone_set() method for setting the timezone PHP will use for functions like date() (or alternatively the date.timezone php.ini directive). This allows for a flexible and consistent way of creating timestamps in the correct timezone form within PHP. One user in London might start a thread while a response comes from New York. To handle this consistently and make sure both users see local time and the correct timespan between the posts, use date_default_timezone_set() to create the timestamps from PHP in a fixed timezone like GMT.

Time for an example to illustrate the practical use of this. I created a simple class Timer for dealing with these operations. The methods will be called statically as there is no need to instantiate the class.


class Timer 
{   
    static function DatetimeInGMT() {
        return date("Y-m-d H:i:s", time()-date("Z",time()));
    }

    static function GMTDatetimeToLocal($datetime) {
        $time = strtotime($datetime);
        return date("Y-m-d H:i:s", $time+date("Z",$time));
    }
}


Timer::DatetimeInGMT() produces a timestamp in GMT. I use it instead of MySQL’s NOW()because it calculates the time relative to the timezone set in PHP rather than that of MySQL.

When reading the timestamp back in to PHP, another function call is needed to convert it back to whatever timezone PHP is in at that time (it might be a different user viewing with another timezone setting). That’s the job of Timer::GMTDatetimeToLocal($datetime).

These two very simple functions and a correct setting of PHP’s timezone will ensure that dates are stored in a consistent way and displayed correctly.

 

 

CakePHP Auth Component For Dummies Tutorial

September 21, 2011 3 comments

First off, I would like to say much thanks to Gwoo for finally helping me to understand this thing.

So I know what you’re thinking; I’m probably the last person to finally figure out the CakePHP’s Auth Component. For the past few months, I’ve been using obAuthbecause that’s the only authentication I could get to work with CakePHP. I think that I was just making it more difficult than it should have been.

My main resource for learning the Auth Component has been Chris’s tutorial, but even then I still needed help. Also, I’m the type that doesn’t really learn much without code.

Note that I’m running off of the CaekPHP 1.2 beta.

Getting Started

Now you can modify this however you like, but I’m starting out with the basics. You’re going to need the following:

  • A user database with fields usernamepassword. Of course they don’t need to be named that way, but defaults are fun.
  • A User Model with Controller and Views – This can be baked from CakePHP
  • A login view for the user.
  • And a base app_controller.php. That’s it.

The Setup – app_controller and users_controller

So here’s the minimum in app_controller:

 

 

 

var $components = array('Auth');
 
function beforeFilter(){
    $this->Auth->loginAction = array('controller' => 'users', 'action' => 'login');
    $this->Auth->loginRedirect = array('controller' => 'pages', 'action' => 'display', 'home');
    $this->Auth->allow('display');
    $this->Auth->authorize = 'controller';
}
function isAuthorized() {
    return true;
}


You can always visit the API for a better understanding of what’s going on, but right now we’re just trying to get stuff working.

After that there’s the users_controller.php. This you can get straight out of CakePHP’s baking. You do need a small modification:

 

function login()
{
}
 
function logout(){
    $this->Session->setFlash('Logout');
    $this->redirect($this->Auth->logout());
}

Brief Explanation

Honestly, it’s magic; automagic to be precise. If you want to know how it works, you can read up in the API. But what I will do, is give you some of the magic words.

$this->Auth->authorize = ‘controller’

There are different types of authorization action (ugh – ACL stuff), CRUD (basically locks up all the editing stuff), and controller (gives you some need control). Hey, sorry I don’t know too much of what it does, just what I need.

$this->Auth->loginAction = array(‘controller’ => ‘users’, ‘action’ => ‘login’)

This tells yo what the login page is. It also controls where the user is redirected to if he’s not authorized to view a page.

$this->Auth->loginRedirect = array(‘controller’ => ‘pages’, ‘display’ => ‘home’)

Self explanatory: default action to redirect the user to when logged in if they go straight to the login page. If, however, they tried to access a restricted page then this will be ignored and when they login they’ll be redirected to where they wanted to go to.

$this->Auth->allow(array(‘display’))

This is one of the magic functions. By default, adding the authentication component locks down all actions, except the login and logout. This is your way of telling the component let me in to the ‘display’ action for every controller. You at least want to see the homepage right?

You can also add to this in the beforeFilter() of each controller you you need (don’t forget theparent::beforeFilter() to make sure the Auth stuff is still called). Likewise there’s a $this->Auth->deny(), which does the reverse. One small tip: you can also use allow(array(‘*’)) to allow everything.

User Controller

For right now, the login() action can be left as is. The Auth Component handles all that foot work beautifully. You just need to make sure you call $this->Auth->logout() in your logout() action. It has the added benefit of returning the Auth’s logoutRedirect, so $this->redirect($this->Auth->logout() works great.

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